Wednesday, 6 August 2014

The consortium is a various leveled association

The consortium is a various leveled association which works, oversees and controls the link framework. At the highest point of the chain of command is the Management Committee, which guides the undertaking. Bodies subordinate to the Management Committee incorporate the Procurement Group; Operation and Maintenance; the Financial & Administrative Subcommittee; Assignment, Routing and Restoration; and Investment and Agreement. Different bodies in the association are the Central Billing Party which is subordinate to the Financial & Administrative Subcommittee, and the Network Administrator which is subordinate to Assignment, Routing and Restoration. 

Tata Communications awhile ago Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL), India is the Network Administrator. For this reason, Tata Comm has created a state of the symbolization Network Administration Software framework which empowers online appeal preparing, employment booking and report era and so forth. This framework will make the limit administration exceptionally effective for transfer speed managers. This framework is available online at 

Ocean ME-WE 4 is utilized to convey "phone, web, media and different broadband information applications". The SEA-ME-WE 3 and the SEA-ME-WE 4 link frameworks are proposed to give excess to one another. The two link frameworks are reciprocal, yet separate, and 4 is not expected to supplant 3. Both infer from the same arrangement of tasks (SEA-ME-WE), however have distinctive attentions. Ocean ME-WE 3 is far more at 39,000 kilometers (contrast with SEA-ME-WE 4's 18,800 kilometers) and stretches out from Japan and Australia along the bottom of the Eurasian landmass to Ireland and Germany. Ocean ME-WE 4 has a quicker rate of information transmission at 1.28 Tbit/s against SEA-ME-WE 3's 0.96 Tbit/s. Ocean ME-WE 3 gives network to a more prominent number of nations over a more prominent separation, yet SEA-ME-WE 4 gives far higher information transmission velocities planned to suit expanding interest for high velocity web get to in creating nations. 

The link utilizes thick wavelength-division multiplexing (DWDM), taking into account expanded correspondences limit for every fiber contrasted with strands convey non-multiplexed indicators furthermore encourages bidirectional correspondence inside a solitary fiber. DWDM does this by multiplexing diverse wavelengths of laser light on a solitary optical fiber so that numerous optical transporter signs might be simultaneously transmitted along that fiber. Two fiber sets are utilized with each one sets ready to convey 64 transporters at 10 Gbit/s each. This empowers terabit for every second speeds along the SEA-WE-ME 4 link, with an aggregate limit of 1.28 Tbit/s. In Feb 2011 the consortium recompensed contracts to redesign submarine fragments ability to 40 Gbit/s for every connection, alongside arriving locales supplies fit for 100 Gbit/s for future needs. 

In August 2013 a significant German daily paper asserted that a cooperation of Western and Asian brainpower offices has figured out how to take advantage of the link. The Süddeutsche Zeitung, Germany's biggest broadsheet daily paper, composed that GCHQ has been heading the capture attempt exertion, underpinned by the National Security Agency, which is GCHQ's American proportionate. The paper refered to Edward Snowden as the wellspring of the data

Thursday, 21 February 2013


The SEA-ME-WE 4 cable system was developed by a consortium of 16 telecommunications companies which agreed to construct the project on 27 March 2004. Construction of the system was carried out by Alcatel Submarine Networks (now Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks, a division of Alcatel-Lucent) and Fujitsu. The eighteen month construction project was completed on 13 December 2005 with a cost estimate of US$500 million. Segment 1 construction, running 8,000 kilometres from Singapore to India, was done by Fujitsu, which also provided the submarine repeater equipment for Segment 4.

Thursday, 2 August 2012


South East Asia–Middle East–Western Europe 4 (SEA-ME-WE 4) is an optical fibre submarine communications cable system that carries telecommunications between Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Egypt, Italy, Tunisia, Algeria and France. It is intended to be a complement to, rather than a replacement for, the SEA-WE-ME 3 cable.

The cable is approximately 18,800 kilometres long, and provides the primary Internet backbone between South East Asia, the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East and Europe.

Monday, 22 August 2011


In economics, production is the act of satisfying a want or need. The act may or may not include factors of production other than labor. Any effort directed toward the realization of a desired product or service is a "productive" effort and the performance of such act is production.

A body massage performed by a masseuse is production no less than the harvesting of wild mushrooms or the building of automobiles.